Even quicker tips from Grammar Girl

28 Jan

TOW #2

Mignon Fogarty (aka Grammar Girl) has a plethora of “quick and dirty” tips for those of us who aren’t as blessed in the world of understanding or enjoying grammar. After scouring her blog, I brushed up on some technical grammatical things. !! 😉

Who vs. Whom

Who and whom are pronouns

  • Who is for the subject of a clause
  • Whom is for the object of a clause

Subject= Person doing something

Object= What is having something done to them

  • Example: If I step on Squiggly
  • Then… I=Subject; Squiggly=Object
  • Example: “I love you”
  • You are the object of my affection (I am the subject)

Just Whom

Whom is used for the object

  • Example: “Whom did you step on?”
    • Object: Squiggly
  • Example: “Whom do I love?”
    • Object: You

Just Who

Who is when referring to subject

  • Example: “Who stepped on Squiggly?
  • Example: “Who loves you?”

Lay vs. Lie

Present Tense

  • Lay requires a direct object
  • Lie does not
    • Example: You lie down on the sofa (No direct object)
    • Example: You lay the book on the table (the book is the direct object)
    • How to remember the difference: Lay it on me
      • You are laying something (it, the direct object) on me
      • Bad example: Eric Clapton’s song Lay Down Sally
        • To say “lay down Sally” implies that someone should grab Sally and lay her down
        • If he wanted Sally to rest in her arms, he would say “lie down Sally”

Big Picture

  • Present tense:
    • You lay something down
    • People lie down by themselves

Past Tense


Ending A Sentence with a Preposition

Myth: You can’t end a sentence with a preposition

Truth: You CAN, in some cases

What is a Preposition?

  • A word that creates a relationship between other words
  • Prepositions deal with space and time

 

When Can a Sentence End with a Preposition?

  • Example: “What did you step on?”
    • The sentence doesn’t work without the preposition
    • When Can’t a Sentence End with a Preposition?
      • When you can leave off the preposition and it wouldn’t change the meaning
      • Example: “That’s where it’s at” (BAD!)
      • Change to…. “That’s where it IS”

Unnecessary Prepositions

  • Not great: “Squiggly jumped off of the dock”
  • Better: “Squiggly jumped off the dock”
  • Not great: “He’s outside of the door”
  • Better: “He’s outside the door”
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3 Responses to “Even quicker tips from Grammar Girl”

  1. heatherrose February 3, 2011 at 3:23 pm #

    So I’m not really commenting on the contex of this blog post because I’m so in awe of the set up, pictures and little things that you use throughout this post to make it interesting and easier to read. I’m new to blogging so I’m really looking forward to learning on how to make my blog look more professional and less amature.

    • rmlaflam February 4, 2011 at 10:36 am #

      Thank you for the compliment!! I wrote it in Microsoft Word first so that I could get the bullet points, then just copy/pasted. It took me a bit of time to figure out blogging but you’ll get the hang of things after a while! 🙂

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